U.S. Citizens May Sponsor the Following Relatives:​
  • Spouses (IR)
  • Minor children - unmarried and under 21 years; (IR)
  • Parents (if the citizen is at least 21 years); (IR)
  • Married or unmarried sons and daughters over 21 years 
  • Married children under 21 years of age, including stepchildren
  • Brothers and sisters (if citizen is at least 21 years of age)
  • ​We also prepare visa petitions for marriage-based fiancé visas (K-1) and K-3 visas.
Legal Permanent Residents May Sponsor the Following Relatives:
  •     Spouses
  •     Unmarried children under 21
Immediate Relatives (IR) Preference Category:​  
​U.S. Citizens can sponsor spouses and minor children as well as the parents of adult U.S. citizens in the Immediate Relative preference category.  Visas for IR petitions are alway current, which means that your qualifying relative can apply for and receive their green card very quickly.  In select cases, IRs are also excused from immigration violations such as unauthorized employment and visa overstays.




The Visa Bulletin and Family Based Preferences Categories: ​​
Unlike Immediate Relative petitions which can be filed and adjudicated immediately after filing, the remaining family based categories are divided into preference categories which determine how long the relative must wait for the visa to become available.  Each month, the Visa Bulletin is updated with the dates that visas for each preference category becomes available.
  • First: (F1) Unmarried Sons and Daughters of U.S. Citizens
  • Second: Spouses and Children, and Unmarried Sons and Daughters of Permanent Residents  
               A. (F2A) Spouses and Children of Permanent Residents
               B. (F2B) Unmarried Sons and Daughters (21 years of age or older) of Permanent Residents


  • Third: (F3) Married Sons and Daughters of U.S. Citizens
  • Fourth: (F4) Brothers and Sisters of Adult U.S. Citizens 
Schwartz Ehrens Immigration Law
3 Columbus Circle, 15th Floor
New York, NY 10019
Tel:  (347) 961-8472
Fax:  (760) 280-9999
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